Frequently Seen Skin Conditions
- Fungus in the Toenail
Fungus frequently causes a variety of discolored, distorted, loosened, and sometimes malodorous nail changes. Toenails affected by fungus can become thick and separate from the nail bed. Its presence can be confirmed by microscopic study. Treatment options will include oral or topical medications as well as attention to sweat and foot gear.
- Fungal Infections in the Skin
Also known as Athletes foot. Many types of fungi produce a variety of skin changes including scaling, splitting, dryness, discoloration, and blistering. If drug-store preparations do not work, seek professional attention.
- Corns & Calluses
These result at areas of friction, pressure, and shear. Corns are sites of intense pressure over bony prominences. They will push out outward and cause an accumulation of skin growth, which can be very painful. Calluses result from pressure over a wider surface area then a corn and are often found on the soles or heels. They also can be very painful.
The watertight barrier that holds together the outer skin cells becomes weak and the inner skin loses its ability to protect itself. Irritants, allergens and microbes can leak past the barrier. This worsens the rash. Commonly it looks red, dry, itchy, swollen, and can be swollen with irritation.
Very different from eczema, it starts from a complex genetic disease that triggers an immune response to the skin (plus other sites). The psoriatic areas are caused by the extreme overgrowth of the surface skin cells. The plaques show raised, red, itchy, scaly patches that can be seen with silvery scales that can bleed. Psoriasis of the foot can be most challenging and requires vigilant adherence.
- Allergies, Sweaty Feet and Other Conditions
There are a variety of allergies that affect the feet such as foot gear, insect bites, or environmental factors. It is common to have sweaty feet at times; some patients suffer from excess sweating called hyperhidrosis. Sweaty feet can also lead to other health issues, such as foot odor, athlete’s foot, and toenail fungus.