Deformities of the Toes
Bending of the toe at the first joint with pressure at the top and tip of the toe. The condition usually affects the second through fifth toes. Treatment options vary according to each situation; identifying the deformity may help avoid surgery. Untreated hammertoes may become rigid and might need surgery if non-surgical treatment does not work. Examination and X-ray of the affected area will guide our treatment. There are two types:
- Flexible hammertoes
Moveable at the joints, these toes change with pressure and position.
- Rigid Hammertoes
As the deformity develops, the tendons become tight and the joint misaligned and immobile. Bone Spurs may develop.
- Mallet Toe
Bending of the toe at the second joint often associated with pain at the tip of the nail. Treatment options are similar to hammertoe.
- Malaligned Toe
This abnormal position, from birth or acquired over time, may arise because of joint instability, muscle imbalance, and abnormality in the tendon, ligament, or skin. Corn, callus, or pressure may result.